In the ninth class of our Absolute Beginner Spanish course we are going to learn the Spanish cardinal numerals from 0 to 100.
Cardinal numerals are, in plain English, the normal numbers, that is, not the ordinal numbers such as first, second, etc.
From 0 to 10
Each of these numbers need to be learned by heart, as they are the most basic ones and will be the foundations for bigger numbers.
From 11 to 19
In this group we have two kinds of numbers: those which you also need to learn by heart (11-15) and those which are formed by diez (diec‑) + y (‑i‑) + unit (16-19).
From 20 to 100
What you have to take into account here is that you should learn the tens (20, 30, 40…) totally by heart. Then, 21-29 are slightly irregular and written in one word. After that, everything is completely regular: ten + y + unit.
- treinta y uno
- treinta y dos
Notice the diphthong in the root of veinte and treinta. It won’t appear from now on:
Tens + units
Starting from 30, it is supereasy to make numbers such as 38, 46, 72 or 99. You just have to use the following pattern: ten + y + unit (three different words). And that’s it!
For example, it would be treinta y ocho, cuarenta y seis, setenta y dos and noventa y nueve.
There are bigger numbers, and we will study them. But for now, this is good enough!